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超星尔雅英语语音-超星尔雅-学习通-题库零氪答案

作者2023-06-08 08:03:24历年真习题 78 ℃0 评论

2.1.1音节、重音、节奏的概念

1、【单选题】How many syllables are there in the word “tell”?
    A、One.
    B、Two.

2、【单选题】How many syllables are there in the word “Germany”?
    A、Four.
    B、Three.

3、【单选题】How many syllables are there in the word “thinking”?
    A、Two.
    B、Three.

4、【单选题】How many syllables are there in the word “capacity”?
    A、Three.
    B、Four.

5、【判断题】The first syllable is the stressed syllable in the word “paper”.

6、【判断题】The second syllable is the stressed syllable in the word “money”.

7、【判断题】The third syllable is the stressed syllable in the word “copyright”.

8、【判断题】The second syllable is the stressed syllable in the word “contemporary”.

9、【简答题】What are the characteristics of stressed syllables?

10、【简答题】How do we characterize the rhythm of a language?

2.2.1英语音标的分类

1、【单选题】Phoneme is the ______ unit of sound in a language.
    A、biggest
    B、smallest

2、【单选题】There are ______ phonemes in English.
    A、48
    B、49

3、【单选题】There are ______ vowels in English.
    A、20
    B、22

4、【单选题】There are ______ consonants in English.
    A、29
    B、28

5、【单选题】There are ______ pure vowels in English.
    A、11
    B、12

6、【判断题】There are 10 diphthongs in English.

7、【判断题】There is only one way to classify the English pure vowels.

8、【判断题】There are many ways to classify consonants.

9、【判断题】Phoneme can distinguish two words.

10、【简答题】What is a diphthong?

2.2.2单词音标的拼读

1、【单选题】The vowel in the stressed syllable is ______.
    A、shorter
    B、longer

2、【单选题】English has ______ degrees of stress.
    A、two
    B、three

3、【单选题】If there is any pitch change, this change will fall on the ______ syllable.
    A、stressed
    B、unstressed

4、【单选题】When we join two nouns to form a compound word, we usually stress the ______ noun.
    A、first
    B、second

5、【单选题】The most accurate way to find the stressed syllable is to ______.
    A、read a book
    B、use a dictionary

6、【判断题】The pronunciation of vowels should be full and clear.

7、【判断题】It’s unnecessary to pay attention to the contrast between the long and short vowels.

8、【判断题】We should pay attention to the contrast between the diphthongs and the pure vowels.

9、【判断题】Compound proper nouns normally have a primary stress on the first element.

10、【简答题】What are the degrees of stress in English?

2.3基本概念单元测试

1、【单选题】How many syllables are there in the word “athletic”?
    A、One
    B、Two
    C、Three
    D、Four

2、【单选题】The syllable is the stressed syllable in the word “police”.
    A、first
    B、second
    C、third
    D、fourth

3、【单选题】There are vowels in English.
    A、20
    B、21
    C、22
    D、23

4、【单选题】We stress the second syllable if “suspect” is a .
    A、noun
    B、verb
    C、adjective
    D、conjunction

5、【填空题】是一个言语单位,通常由一个或几个音素组成,是英语语音节奏的最基本单位。

6、【填空题】音节一般是以 来划分的。

7、【判断题】There are two syllables in the word “writer”.

8、【判断题】There are 4 front vowels in English, and they are /i:/, /ɪ/, /e/, and /æ/.

9、【判断题】The first syllable is a stressed syllable in the word “ourselves”.

10、【判断题】In English, strong beats are called stress — the heart of the rhythmic pattern.

3.1.1爆破音

1、【单选题】Listening:checking Sound discrimination: Listen to the tape and circle the word you hear from the following pairs.
    A、pat
    B、bat

2、【单选题】Listening:checking Sound discrimination: Listen to the tape and circle the word you hear from the following pairs.
    A、pond
    B、bond

3、【单选题】Listening:checking Sound discrimination: Listen to the tape and circle the word you hear from the following pairs.
    A、pie
    B、buy

4、【填空题】Listen to the following dialogue and answer the questions that follow. How many people were involved in the conversation? ____________ people. (空格处请填入英文数字, 并注意句首字母大小写的要求。)

5、【填空题】Listen to the following dialogue and answer the questions that follow. What is the most probable relationship between the speakers: teacher and student, doctor and patient or just friends? ______________.

6、【判断题】Sound discrimination: Listen to the tape and decide whether the following pairs of words you hear are the same or different. If they are the same, choose YES . If they are different, choose NO.

7、【判断题】Sound discrimination: Listen to the tape and decide whether the following pairs of words you hear are the same or different. If they are the same, choose YES . If they are different, choose NO.

8、【判断题】Sound discrimination: Listen to the tape and decide whether the following pairs of words you hear are the same or different. If they are the same, choose YES . If they are different, choose NO.

9、【判断题】Among the stop consonants, /p/, /t/ and /k/ are the voiced sounds with the vibrating the vocal cords.

10、【判断题】The sounds of /t/ and /d/ are formed by tongue and upper gum ridge.

3.1.2爆破音失去爆破规则

1、【单选题】Listen to the tape and decide whether A or B should be the phrase you have heard.
    A、leper top
    B、laptop

2、【单选题】Listen to the tape and decide whether A or B should be the phrase you have heard.
    A、a greater deal
    B、a great deal

3、【单选题】Listen to the tape and decide whether A or B should be the phrase you have heard.
    A、good time
    B、golden time

4、【单选题】Listen to the tape and decide whether A or B should be the phrase you have heard.
    A、water paint
    B、wet paint

5、【单选题】Listen to the tape and decide whether A or B should be the phrase you have heard.
    A、card board
    B、car board

6、【单选题】Listen to the tape and decide whether A or B should be the phrase you have heard.
    A、the Red Cross
    B、the reckless

7、【填空题】Listen to the following dialogue and answer the questions that follow. A: Where do you think the conversation took place? B: A ___________ shop.

8、【填空题】Listen to the following dialogue and answer the questions that follow. A: What was the man looking for? B: __________________.

9、【判断题】We should read the phrase “fit you” by saying /fitju/.

10、【判断题】The correct pronunciation of the word “factory” should be /ˈfæ(k)təri/.

3.2.1摩擦音 /f/ & /v/

1、【单选题】Listen carefully and choose the word you hear.
    A、heat
    B、feet

2、【单选题】Listen carefully and choose the word you hear.
    A、leave
    B、leaf

3、【单选题】Listen carefully and choose the word you hear.
    A、very
    B、ferry

4、【单选题】Which picture can show the mouth position of /f/ or /v/?
    A、
    B、
    C、
    D、

5、【多选题】Which of the following letter or letter groups can be pronounced as /f/?
    A、f
    B、ff
    C、ph
    D、gh

6、【填空题】What is difference between /f/ and /v/ in voicing? /f/ is__________ and /v/ is__________.

7、【填空题】How many fricatives are there in English? There are _______fricatives. (空格处请填入英文数字)

8、【判断题】Sound discrimination. The two words you hear are the same.

9、【判断题】Stop consonants are made by completely stopping the airflow at some point in the mouth and then release it into the sound that follows.

10、【判断题】摩擦音发音时,气流部分受阻。摩擦音是由发音器官造成的缝隙使气流产生摩擦而发出的声音。

3.2.2摩擦音 /θ/ & /ð/

1、【单选题】Listen carefully and choose the word you hear.
    A、sin
    B、thin

2、【单选题】Listen carefully and choose the word you hear.
    A、worth
    B、worthy

3、【单选题】Listen carefully and choose the word you hear.
    A、low
    B、though

4、【单选题】Which picture can show the mouth position of /θ/ and /ð/?
    A、
    B、
    C、
    D、

5、【多选题】Which of the following letter groups can be pronounced as / ð /?
    A、th
    B、the
    C、sh
    D、gh

6、【填空题】A: Can you tell the difference between /θ/ and /ð/. B: Of course. /θ/ and /ð / take the same mouth position, but /θ/ is_____ and /ð/ is ________. (所填答案字母注意要求全部小写)

7、【判断题】Sound discrimination. The two words you hear are the same.

8、【判断题】Sound discrimination. The two words you hear are the same.

3.2.3摩擦音 /s/ & /z/

1、【单选题】Listen carefully and choose the word you hear.
    A、sipper
    B、zipper

2、【单选题】Listen carefully and choose the word you hear.
    A、loose
    B、lose

3、【单选题】Listen carefully and choose the word you hear.
    A、math
    B、mass

4、【单选题】Which picture can show the mouth position of /s / and /z/?
    A、
    B、
    C、
    D、

5、【多选题】Which of the following letters or letter groups can be pronounced as /s/?
    A、ss
    B、th
    C、s
    D、ce

6、【判断题】Sound discrimination. The two words you hear are the same.

7、【判断题】Sound discrimination. The two words you hear are the same.

8、【判断题】/s/ and /z/ sound quite similar in pronunciation, so there is no need to notice the difference between them when speaking English.

9、【判断题】通常,以/s/、/z/、/ ʃ/、/ ʒ /、/tʃ /、或者/dʒ / 音标结尾的名词的复数形式是在词尾加上-es, 读作/ɪz/。例如,wishes读作 /ˈwɪʃɪz/ 。

10、【连线题】Choose the correct pronunciation for the following words.

3.2.4摩擦音 /ʃ/ & /ʒ/

1、【单选题】Listen carefully and choose the word you hear.
    A、short
    B、sort

2、【单选题】Listen carefully and choose the consonant you hear.
    A、/ʃ/
    B、/ʒ/

3、【单选题】Listen carefully and choose the word you hear.
    A、shoe
    B、chew

4、【单选题】Which picture can show the mouth position of /ʃ/ and /ʒ/?
    A、
    B、
    C、
    D、

5、【多选题】Which of the following letter or letter group can be pronounced as /ʒ/?
    A、s
    B、z
    C、ng
    D、si

6、【判断题】Sound discrimination. The two words you hear are the same.

7、【判断题】Sound discrimination. The two words you hear are the same.

8、【判断题】/s/ and /z/ sound quite similar in pronunciation, so there is no need to notice the difference between them when speaking English.

9、【判断题】/ ʒ / and /dʒ/ sound similar but actually different.

10、【判断题】The following words sound the same. 1) she 2) see

3.2.5摩擦音 / h /

1、【单选题】Listen carefully and choose the word you hear.
    A、heal
    B、kill

2、【单选题】Listen carefully and choose the word you hear.
    A、hat
    B、fat

3、【单选题】Listen carefully and choose the consonant you hear.
    A、/h/
    B、/K/

4、【单选题】Which picture can show the mouth position of / h /?
    A、
    B、
    C、
    D、

5、【多选题】Which of the following letter or letter group can be pronounced as /h/?
    A、gh
    B、th
    C、h
    D、wh

6、【判断题】Sound discrimination. The two words you hear are the same.

7、【判断题】Sound discrimination. The two words you hear are the same.

8、【判断题】/h/ 的发音口形的大小取决于紧随其后的音标,例如,how 和 who。

9、【判断题】To make /h/, the airstream is completely stopped by the lips.

10、【判断题】The following words have the same pronunciation. 1) host 2) ghost

3.3.1破擦音 /tʃ/ & /dʒ/

1、【单选题】Listen carefully and choose the word you hear.
    A、march
    B、marsh

2、【单选题】Listen carefully and choose the word you hear.
    A、vision
    B、region

3、【单选题】Listen carefully and choose the consonant you hear.
    A、/j/
    B、/dʒ/
    C、/ʒ/
    D、/tʃ/

4、【单选题】Which picture can show the mouth position of / tʃ/ or / dʒ /?
    A、
    B、
    C、
    D、

5、【多选题】Which of the following letter or letter group can be pronounced as / tʃ /?
    A、sh
    B、ch
    C、tch
    D、gh

6、【判断题】Sound discrimination. The two words you hear are the same.

7、【判断题】Sound discrimination. The two words you hear are the same.

8、【判断题】Both /tʃ/ and /dʒ/ are unvoiced.

9、【判断题】There are many letter groups that can be pronounced as /dʒ/, such as gg, ge, dge , etc..

10、【判断题】The underlined phonemes of the following words are the same. 1) procedure 2) digest 3) jeans 4) change 5) judge

3.3.2鼻音 /m/ /n/ /ŋ/

1、【单选题】Listen carefully and choose the word you hear.
    A、song
    B、son
    C、sum
    D、sung

2、【单选题】Listen carefully and choose the word you hear.
    A、nine
    B、light
    C、night
    D、fight

3、【单选题】Listen carefully and choose the word you hear.
    A、fan
    B、fame
    C、farm
    D、fang

4、【单选题】Which picture can show the mouth position of /m/?
    A、
    B、
    C、
    D、

5、【多选题】Which of the following letters can be pronounced as /ŋ/ ?
    A、n
    B、ng
    C、m
    D、mb

6、【判断题】Sound discrimination. The two words you hear are the same.

7、【判断题】Sound discrimination. The two words you hear are the same.

8、【判断题】To pronounce /n/ and / ŋ /, we both need to raise our tongue tip to the roof of the mouth.

9、【判断题】To make /n/, the air goes through the nasal cavity, while to make /l/, the air goes through the mouth.

10、【判断题】The nasal sounds in all of the following words are /ŋ/. 1) thank 2) king 3) thing 4) done

3.3.3舌侧音 /l/ 和延续音 /r/

1、【单选题】Listen carefully and choose the word you hear.
    A、flay
    B、fray

2、【单选题】Listen carefully and choose the word you hear.
    A、blight
    B、bright

3、【单选题】Listen carefully and choose the word you hear.
    A、fill
    B、fee

4、【单选题】Which picture can show the lip position of /r/?
    A、
    B、

5、【多选题】Which of the following letter or letter group can be pronounced as /r/ in English?
    A、r
    B、rr
    C、wr
    D、ll

6、【填空题】Generally, the light /l/comes before the vowel or diphthong in a syllable, but what about the dark /l/? _____________ the vowel or diphtong in a syllable. (After; Before) (填写答案时,请注意正确句首字母大小写的要求。)

7、【判断题】Sound discrimination. The two words you hear are the same.

8、【判断题】Sound discrimination. The two words you hear are the same.

9、【判断题】延续音,发音时发音器官彼此靠近,但无接触,无摩擦,亦不产生爆破。

10、【判断题】There are three approximants, and they are /r/, /w/, /j/.

3.3.4延续音 /w/ & /j/

1、【单选题】Listen carefully and choose the consonant you hear.
    A、/ v/
    B、/w/
    C、/r/
    D、/j/

2、【单选题】Listen carefully and choose the word you hear.
    A、west
    B、vest
    C、test
    D、lest

3、【单选题】Listen carefully and choose the word you hear.
    A、ear
    B、year
    C、wear
    D、dear

4、【单选题】Which picture can show the mouth position of /j/?
    A、
    B、
    C、
    D、

5、【多选题】Find out the letter or letter group that can be pronounced as /w/ in English.
    A、w
    B、wh
    C、o
    D、u

6、【判断题】Sound discrimination. The two phrases you hear are the same.

7、【判断题】Sound discrimination. The two words you hear are the same.

8、【判断题】发/w/ 时, 双唇要收圆收小,稍向前突出。

9、【判断题】The letter Y is often pronounced as /j/ in English, such as young.

10、【判断题】The underlined phonemes of the following words are the same. 1) weal 2) what 3) whole 4) woe

3.4.1辅音连缀 /tr/ & /dr/

1、【单选题】Listen carefully and choose the correct order according to what you hear.
    A、/ tr/ /dr/
    B、/dr/ / tr/

2、【单选题】Listen carefully and choose the word you hear.
    A、chip
    B、trip

3、【单选题】Listen carefully and choose the word you hear.
    A、drug
    B、jug

4、【单选题】Listen carefully and choose the sentence you hear.
    A、I’ve always dreamed about a trip to that country.
    B、I’ve always dreamed about a chip to that county.

5、【单选题】Which picture can show the mouth position of / tr/?
    A、
    B、

6、【判断题】Sound discrimination. The two words you hear are the same.

7、【判断题】Sound discrimination. The two words you hear are the same.

8、【判断题】/tr/ and / tʃ/ sound similar, so it is not necessary to distinguish them when speaking English.

9、【判断题】The letter combination TR is generally pronounced as /tr/ and the letter combination DR is pronounced as /dr/.

10、【判断题】The underlined phonemes in the following sendences are the same. 1) They are trapped in the trouble. 2) I dreamed of playing the drum.

3.4.2辅音连缀 /ts/ & /dz/

1、【单选题】Listen carefully and choose consonant cluster you hear.
    A、/ tr/
    B、/ts/
    C、/dr/
    D、/dz /

2、【单选题】Listen carefully and choose the word you hear.
    A、tents
    B、tends
    C、dents
    D、fends

3、【单选题】Listen carefully and choose the word you hear.
    A、world’s
    B、worst
    C、words
    D、waits

4、【单选题】Listen carefully and choose the sentence you hear.
    A、Edward’s seeds are in that child’s hand.
    B、Edward’s seeds are in that child’s hands.

5、【单选题】Which picture can show the mouth position of / ts/ and /dz/?
    A、
    B、

6、【判断题】Sound discrimination. The two words you hear are the same.

7、【判断题】List and lists are pronounced the same.

8、【判断题】在同一个音节中, 两个或两个以上的辅音结合在一起的现象称为辅音连缀。

9、【判断题】Hands is pronounced as /'hændz/ and cats is pronounced as /kæts/.

10、【判断题】The underlined phonemes of the following sendences sound the same. 1) Bob bought three boxes of biscuits and two boxes of mixed biscuits. 2) Two toads have heavy loads on their backs.

3.5辅音单元测试

1、【单选题】Sound discrimination. Listen carefully and choose the consonant you hear.
    A、/s/
    B、/θ/
    C、/ʃ/
    D、/z/

2、【单选题】Sound discrimination. Listen carefully and choose the consonant you hear.
    A、/b/
    B、/p/
    C、/dz/
    D、/ð/

3、【单选题】Sound discrimination. Listen carefully and choose the consonant you hear.
    A、/g/
    B、/j/
    C、/h/
    D、/m/

4、【单选题】Sound discrimination. Listen carefully and choose the word you hear.
    A、catch
    B、cash
    C、case
    D、crash

5、【单选题】Sound discrimination. Listen carefully and choose the word you hear.
    A、they
    B、lay
    C、ray
    D、day

6、【单选题】Sound discrimination. Listen carefully and choose the word you hear.
    A、seat
    B、seats
    C、seed
    D、seeds

7、【单选题】Sound discrimination. Listen carefully and choose the phrase you hear.
    A、right or long
    B、light or long
    C、right or wrong
    D、light or wrong

8、【单选题】Sound discrimination. Listen carefully and choose the phrase you hear.
    A、fine fire with fire
    B、flight higher with fire
    C、fight fire with fair
    D、fight fire with fire

9、【单选题】Sound discrimination. Listen carefully and choose the sentence you hear.
    A、Various visitors visited the village.
    B、Various visitors visit the villages.
    C、Furious visitors visit the village.
    D、Furious visitors visit the villages.

10、【单选题】Sound discrimination. Listen carefully and choose the sentence you hear.
    A、Her whole right hands really hurt.
    B、Her whole right hand really hurts.
    C、Her whole light hand can really hurt.
    D、Her whole light hands can really hurts.

11、【填空题】/tʃ/ and /dʒ/ are ______________ consonants, produced by blocking off the breath-stream between the tongue and the gum ridge, for a stop and a fricative. (填写答案时,请用纯小写字母。)

12、【填空题】How many nasal consonants are there in English? There are ______. (请在空格中填入英文数字, 用小写英文字母填写。)

13、【填空题】There are three approximants in English, and they are /r/, /w/ and /_____/.

14、【填空题】Is /h/ a voiced consonant or an unvoiced consonant ? It is a /an ___________ consonant.

15、【判断题】There are six stop consonants in English, and they are /p/, /b/, /t/, /d/, /k/,and /g/.

16、【判断题】Consonants can be classified into two types. One type is voiced consonant and the other is unvoiced.

17、【判断题】To make the sound /m/, we must open our mouth and raise our tongue tip to the roof of the mouth.

18、【判断题】The airstream is blocked completely for a time when making stop consonants, but the airstream is only partially blocked when making fricatives.

19、【判断题】The lateral consonant /l/ is produced with potential air flow around one or both sides of the tongue.

20、【判断题】In order to pronounce a consonant correctly, one should pay great attention to the mouth shape, tongue position and voicing of it.

4.1.1前元音

1、【单选题】Listen carefully and choose the word you hear.
    A、eat
    B、it

2、【单选题】Listen carefully and choose the word you hear.
    A、read
    B、red

3、【单选题】Listen carefully and choose the word you hear.
    A、chair
    B、chat

4、【单选题】What are the letter or letters that can be pronounced as /æ/?
    A、a
    B、e
    C、i
    D、o

5、【多选题】What are the letter or letters that can be pronounced as /i:/?
    A、eo
    B、e
    C、ea
    D、ee

6、【填空题】A: How many vowels are there in English? B: ______________. (空格处请填入阿拉伯数字)

7、【填空题】How many kinds of vowels are there in English? 1)_________kinds (空格处请填入阿拉伯数字) What are they? 2)________________

8、【判断题】There are four front vowels in English: /i:/,/i/,/e/,/æ/.

9、【判断题】The reason these are called front vowels is that the tongue body is shifted backward.

10、【判断题】Only letter a can pronounce /æ/.

4.1.2中元音

1、【单选题】Listen carefully and choose the word you hear.
    A、fit
    B、first

2、【单选题】Listen carefully and choose the word you hear.
    A、work
    B、walk

3、【单选题】Listen carefully and choose the word you hear.
    A、along
    B、apple

4、【多选题】What are the letter or letters that can be pronounced as /3:/?
    A、e
    B、ear
    C、er
    D、o

5、【多选题】What are the letter or letters that can be pronounced as /ə/?
    A、a
    B、e
    C、i
    D、o

6、【填空题】What’s the feature of pronouncing the central vowels? They are made with the tongue around the ___________ of the mouth. (答案要求为纯小写字母。)

7、【判断题】There are only two central vowels in English: /3:/ and /ə/ .

8、【判断题】The English pure vowels can be classified according to the height of the raised part of the tongue.

9、【判断题】Native speakers of English often use schwa vowels in stressed syllables.

10、【判断题】What’s the difference of pronouncing between /3:/ and /ə/? /ə/ is made similarly to /3:/, but with less tension.

4.1.3后元音

1、【单选题】Listen carefully and choose the word you hear.
    A、mood
    B、book

2、【单选题】Listen carefully and choose the word you hear.
    A、what
    B、water

3、【单选题】Listen carefully and choose the word you hear.
    A、flower
    B、flood

4、【单选题】What is the letter that can be pronounced as /ʌ/?
    A、a
    B、e
    C、i
    D、o

5、【多选题】What are the letter or letters that can be pronounced as /ɑ:/?
    A、a
    B、ar
    C、au
    D、ear

6、【判断题】We can use a shortened version of /ɔ:/ to pronounce /ɒ/.

7、【判断题】Six of the back vowels are rounded lips.

8、【判断题】The /u:/ marks the highest boundary for the back vowels, as /i:/ does for the front vowels.

9、【判断题】How many back vowels are there in English? What are they? 6, and they are /u:/, /u/, /ɔ:/, /ɔ/, /ɑ:/ and /ʌ/.

10、【判断题】How can we subdivide the six back vowels? They can be subdivided into those that are high (/u:/ and /ʊ/), mid (/ɔ:/ and /ʌ/), and low (/ɑ:/ and /ɒ/)

4.2.1合口双元音

1、【单选题】Which one of the following diphthongs is not closing diphthong.
    A、/eɪ/
    B、/aɪ/
    C、/ɔɪ/
    D、/ɪə/

2、【单选题】Listen carefully and choose the correct order according to what you hear.
    A、/aɪ/,/eɪ/,/əʊ/,/aʊ/,/ɔɪ/
    B、/aʊ/,/eɪ/,/əʊ/,/ɔɪ/,/aɪ/
    C、/ɔɪ/,/eɪ/,/əʊ/,/aʊ/,/aɪ/
    D、/eɪ/,/əʊ/,/aʊ/,/ɔɪ/,/aɪ/

3、【单选题】Listen carefully and choose the word you hear.
    A、bake
    B、bike
    C、beg
    D、boy

4、【单选题】Listen carefully and choose the phrase you hear.
    A、the same way
    B、the Sam way
    C、the same weed
    D、the same wed

5、【单选题】Generally, oi and oy are pronounced as ________?
    A、/aʊ/
    B、/eɪ/
    C、/ɔɪ/
    D、/aɪ/

6、【判断题】Sound discrimination. The two words you hear are the same.

7、【判断题】There are five closing diphthongs in English, and they are /eɪ/, /aɪ/, /ɔɪ/, /əʊ/ and /aʊ/.

8、【判断题】/ɪə/, /eə/, /ʊə/ are cenring diphthongs and they all glide towards /ə/.

9、【判断题】双元音,又称“滑音”,即在发音过程中发音器官的位置或形状有所变化,从一个音滑向另一个音。

10、【判断题】Do the underlined phonemes in the following sentence sound the same ? I’ll drive five miles on Friday night to see a flight that I like.

4.2.2集中双元音

1、【单选题】When we pronounce diphthongs, the shape of the mouth make changes from the beginning to the end. The most important thing to remember is, ____is much longer and stronger than then the_______.
    A、the first vowel, the second vowel
    B、the second vowel, the first vowel

2、【单选题】Listen carefully and choose the correct order according to what you hear.
    A、/ɪə/, /eə/, /ʊə/
    B、/eə/, /ʊə/, /ɪə/
    C、/əʊ/, /eə/, /ʊə/
    D、/eə/, /əʊ/, /ʊə/

3、【单选题】Listen carefully and choose the correct sound according what you hear.
    A、/'rɪəlɪ/
    B、/'reəlɪ/
    C、/'lɪlɪ/
    D、/'lɪərɪ/

4、【单选题】Listen carefully and choose the word you hear.
    A、paw
    B、pole
    C、pool
    D、pure

5、【多选题】Choose the letter combinations that can be pronounced as /ʊə/ in English.
    A、ure
    B、our
    C、ar
    D、ier

6、【填空题】There are ______diphthongs in English.(请在空格处填入阿拉伯数字)

7、【判断题】Sound discrimination. The two words you hear are the same.

8、【判断题】There are many letter combinations that can be pronounced as /eə/, such as are, ar, air, are, ear, etc.

9、【判断题】Diphthongs are sounds which consist of a movement or glide from one vowel to another, and the shape of the mouth makes changes from the beginning of the sound to the end.

10、【判断题】There are 3 centring diphthongs in English, and they are /ɪə/, /eə/, /ʊə/.

4.3元音单元测试

1、【单选题】Sound discrimination. Listen carefully and choose the consonant you hear.
    A、/aɪ/
    B、/eɪ/
    C、/əʊ/
    D、/aʊ/

2、【单选题】Sound discrimination. Listen carefully and choose the word you hear.
    A、rain
    B、ran
    C、ring
    D、room

3、【单选题】Sound discrimination. Listen carefully and choose the sentence you hear.
    A、The daughter is sure to cure the poor.
    B、The daughter is sure to cure the paw.
    C、The doctor is sure to cure the poor.
    D、The doctor is sure to cure the paw.

4、【单选题】Sound discrimination. Listen carefully and choose the phrase you hear.
    A、here and there
    B、hair and dear
    C、fear and dear
    D、hair and there

5、【填空题】In English, there are five closing diphthongs and _______ centring diphthongs. (在空格处填入英文数字,而且要求用纯小写英文字母。)

6、【填空题】Diphthongs are sounds which consist of a movement or glide from one ________ to another. (要求用纯小写英文字母填写答案。)

7、【判断题】/eɪ/ is a closing diphthong and /ɪə/ is a centring diphthong.

8、【判断题】Our mouth shape makes changes when we pronounce diphthongs.

9、【判断题】The first vowel of a diphthong is as long as the second vowel.

10、【判断题】All diphthongs are voiced.

5.1.1重读音节和非重读音节

1、【单选题】请判断以下单词的重音位置:Information
    A、In’formation
    B、Infor’mation

2、【单选题】请判断以下单词的重音位置:operation
    A、’operation
    B、ope’ration

3、【单选题】请判断以下单词的重音位置:personality
    A、perso’nality
    B、persona’lity

4、【单选题】请判断以下单词的重音位置:subjective
    A、’subjective
    B、sub’jective

5、【单选题】Listen to the tape and decide whether (A) or (B) should be the one you hear. Be careful with that ______.
    A、yellow JACKET(= yellow article of clothing
    B、YELLOW Jacket (= yellow and black insect that stings)

6、【单选题】Listen to the tape and decide whether (A) or (B) should be the one you hear. Look at the ______.
    A、red COAT(=red article of clothing)
    B、RED coat (=a British soldier in the 18th and 19th centuries)

7、【单选题】Listen to the tape and decide whether (A) or (B) should be the one you hear. I've always wanted a ______.
    A、green HOUSE(=house painted green)
    B、GREENHOUSE(=glass house for growing plants

8、【单选题】Listen to the tape and decide whether (A) or (B) should be the one you hear. My father is a successful ______.
    A、head DOCTOR ( =chief of staff)
    B、HEAD doctor (=psychiatrist)

9、【单选题】Listen to the tape and decide whether (A) or (B) should be the one you hear. She is always using _____.
    A、cold CREAM (= well-chilled cream)
    B、COLD cream (= face cream)

10、【判断题】How many ways can be used to signal the stressed syllables? There are three ways to signal the stressed syllables: lengthen it, say it louder with clear vowel and raise the pitch.

5.1.2单词重音的规律

1、【单选题】Please make your choices of information word from the following sentences.
    A、Would you like tea or coffee?
    B、Would you like tea or coffee?

2、【单选题】Please make your choices of information word from the following sentences.
    A、Is there anything else I can get you?
    B、Is there anything else I can get you?

3、【单选题】Please make your choices of information word from the following sentences.
    A、Would you care for anything to drink?
    B、Would you care for anything to drink?

4、【单选题】Please make your choices of information word from the following sentences.
    A、Not right now, thank you.
    B、Not right now, thank you.

5、【单选题】根据回答,请选择问句。 A. What are you doing with the blackboard? B. What are you doing with the black board? ------ Writing on with a chalk
    A、What are you doing with the blackboard?
    B、What are you doing with the black board?

6、【单选题】根据回答,请选择问句。 A. What is a freeway? B. What is a free way? --- There is no charge
    A、What is a freeway?
    B、What is a free way?

7、【单选题】根据回答,请选择问句。 A. What are you doing with that hotdog? B. What are you doing with that hot dog? --- Giving him a drink.
    A、A. What are you doing with that hotdog?
    B、B. What are you doing with that hot dog?

8、【单选题】根据回答,请选择问句。 A. They are building a greenhouse. B. They are building a green house. --- Why are they so keen on green?
    A、They are building a greenhouse.
    B、They are building a green house.

9、【单选题】根据回答,请选择问句。 A. Can you show me the blueprint? B. Can you show me the blue print? ------ We are still working on it.
    A、Can you show me the blueprint?
    B、Can you show me the blue print?

10、【判断题】Question: What to stress in a sentence? Information words or function words? Answer: Function words.

5.1.3句子重音的功能

1、【单选题】Listen to the following sentence with compound nouns and make the correct choice from the selections. (为保证听力效果,完成此部分听力题时请带上耳机。选择对外播放模式时,可能会有一定的杂音。)
    A、Did you see my credit card?
    B、Did you see my credit card?

2、【单选题】Listen to the following sentence with compound nouns and make the correct choice from the selections.
    A、I need to make a phone call.
    B、I need to make a phone call.

3、【单选题】Listen to the following sentence with compound nouns and make the correct choice from the selections.
    A、There’s a pay phone at the corner.
    B、There’s a pay phone at the corner.

4、【单选题】Listen to the following sentence with compound nouns and make the correct choice from the selections.
    A、I like to watch game shows.
    B、I like to watch game shows.

5、【单选题】Listen to the following sentence with compound nouns and make the correct choice from the selections.
    A、His parents prefer soap operas.
    B、His parents prefer soap operas.

6、【单选题】Listen to the following sentence with compound nouns and make the correct choice from the selections.
    A、His is going to talk about the income tax.
    B、His is going to talk about the income tax.

7、【单选题】Listen to the following sentence with compound nouns and make the correct choice from the selections.
    A、Go and get a fax machine.
    B、Go and get a fax machine.

8、【单选题】Listen to the following sentence with compound nouns and make the correct choice from the selections.
    A、We are waiting for our bank statement.
    B、We are waiting for our bank statement.

9、【单选题】Listen to the following sentence with compound nouns and make the correct choice from the selections.
    A、It must be lunchtime by now.
    B、It must be lunchtime by now.

10、【判断题】What are the functions of sentence stress? The stress of English sentences is the basis of the rhythm of discourse, and the rhythm of the sentence is mainly reflected by the alternation of light and stress.

5.1.4句子重音的规律

1、【单选题】Listen to the following sentence, pay attention to the rhythmic pattern of the sentence and make your choice. (为保证听力效果,完成此部分听力题时请带上耳机。选择对外播放模式时,可能会有一定的杂音。)
    A、A myth is a complicated cultural story.
    B、A myth is a complicated cultural story.

2、【单选题】Listen to the following sentence, pay attention to the rhythmic pattern of the sentence and make your choice.
    A、It describes the beginnings and other basic parts of a culture.
    B、It describes the beginnings and other basic parts of a culture

3、【单选题】Listen to the following sentence, pay attention to the rhythmic pattern of the sentence and make your choice.
    A、Myths tell us how the world began.
    B、Myths tell us how the world began.

4、【单选题】Listen to the following sentence, pay attention to the rhythmic pattern of the sentence and make your choice.
    A、Myths tell us how people and animals were created.
    B、Myths tell us how people and animals were created.

5、【单选题】Listen to the following sentence, pay attention to the rhythmic pattern of the sentence and make your choice.
    A、Myths tell us how certain customs started.
    B、Myths tell us how certain customs started.

6、【单选题】Listen to the following sentence, pay attention to the rhythmic pattern of the sentence and make your choice.
    A、Myths are not the same as fairy tales.
    B、Myths are not the same as fairy tales.

7、【单选题】Listen to the following sentence, pay attention to the rhythmic pattern of the sentence and make your choice.
    A、Myths usually talk about a time before history.
    B、Myths usually talk about a time before history.

8、【单选题】Listen to the following sentence, pay attention to the rhythmic pattern of the sentence and make your choice.
    A、Myths talk about a time before the world began.
    B、Myths talk about a time before the world began.

9、【单选题】Listen to the following sentence, pay attention to the rhythmic pattern of the sentence and make your choice.
    A、They are more serious and more supernatural than fairy tales.
    B、They are more serious and more supernatural than fairy tales.

10、【判断题】What's the rhythmic pattern of English? Rhythm in English speech is based on stress. A rhythm unit is formed by a stressed syllable, together with unstressed syllables which may come before that stress and/or after it.

5.2.1强读式与弱读式的特征与功能

1、【单选题】In the following choices, which one is correct?
    A、We should say all the words in a sentence strongly.
    B、We should never stress a function word in a sentence.
    C、Notional word can be stressed strongly and clearly.
    D、There is no difference between reading notional words and function words.

2、【单选题】Which word should be read in its weak form in a sentence?
    A、monkey
    B、dance
    C、bed
    D、in

3、【多选题】下列哪个词性在句中不需要被弱读?
    A、名词
    B、介词
    C、连词
    D、动词

4、【多选题】In the sentence “I have no idea.” , which words should be read strongly and clearly?
    A、I
    B、have
    C、no
    D、idea

5、【填空题】Write down the words in the sentence which you think should be read in weak forms. We will wait till the end of the party. e.g. 0) will 1)__________ 2)__________ 3) __________

6、【填空题】Write down the word in the sentence which you think should be read in weak form. They told us to leave. 1)

7、【判断题】We get troubles in understanding native speakers because they always speak too fast.

8、【判断题】代词是实词,所以要被重读。

9、【判断题】When the words are cited or quoted, they should be stressed in strong forms.

10、【判断题】When there is a single word, it should be read in its weak form.

5.2.2强读式与弱读式的规则

1、【单选题】Listen to the following sentence and choose the right pronunciation of the underlined word. * Get me some bread and butter.
    A、/ən/
    B、/ənd/

2、【单选题】Listen to the following sentence and choose the right pronunciation of the underlined word. * She gave it to us yesterday.
    A、/tə, əs/
    B、/tu, ʌs/

3、【单选题】Listen to the following sentence and choose the right pronunciation of the underlined word. *Lucy and lily are sisters.
    A、/ɑ:/
    B、/ə/

4、【单选题】Listen to the following sentence and choose the right pronunciation of the underlined word. * Take an apple.
    A、/ən/
    B、/æn/

5、【单选题】Listen to the following sentence and choose the right pronunciation of the underlined word. * I’ve got a cat.
    A、/ə/
    B、/eɪ/

6、【单选题】Listen to the following sentence and choose the right pronunciation of the underlined word. *The performance was good.
    A、/wəz/
    B、/wɒz/

7、【单选题】Listen to the following sentence and choose the right pronunciation of the underlined word. * John can do it.
    A、/kæn/
    B、/kən/

8、【单选题】Listen to the following sentence and choose the right pronunciation of the underlined word. * I had a knife.
    A、/hæd, eɪ/
    B、/həd, ə/

9、【多选题】Choose the words in the sentence which you think should be read in weak forms. ----- We will wait till the end of the party.
    A、till
    B、the
    C、of
    D、wait

10、【判断题】In the following sentence, "told" and "leave" need to be read in their weak forms. -----They told us to leave.

5.3.1连读的特征与规则(一)

1、【单选题】Listen carefully and choose the phrase you hear.
    A、first of all
    B、after all

2、【单选题】Listen carefully and choose the phrase you hear.
    A、come out
    B、come in

3、【单选题】Listen carefully and choose the phrase you hear.
    A、keep going
    B、keep off

4、【单选题】Listen carefully and choose the phrase you hear.
    A、take it off
    B、take care of

5、【单选题】Listen carefully and choose the phrase you hear.
    A、not at all
    B、all in all

6、【填空题】How many kinds of linking are there in English? Generally, there are ______ kinds. (空格处请填入英文数字)

7、【判断题】When people use linking, they move smoothly from one word to the next without making any sudden stops.

8、【判断题】I'll be back in half an hour. There are 2 places of linking in this sentence.

9、【判断题】Linking is natural in English speech.

5.3.2连读的特征与规则(二)

1、【单选题】Listen carefully and choose the phrase you hear.
    A、two others
    B、two boys

2、【单选题】Listen carefully and choose the phrase you hear.
    A、how many
    B、how old

3、【单选题】Listen carefully and choose the phrase you hear.
    A、my hands
    B、my ears

4、【单选题】Listen carefully and choose the phrase you hear.
    A、my uncle
    B、my baby

5、【单选题】Listen carefully and choose the phrase you hear.
    A、how much
    B、how about

6、【判断题】前面的单词以/i:/,/ɪ/,/eɪ/,/aɪ/,/ɔɪ/结尾,后面的单词以元音开头时,要以不清晰的/j/将前后连读。

7、【判断题】前面的单词以/u:/,/ʊ/,/əʊ/,/aʊ/结尾,后面的单词以元音开头时,要以不清晰的/w/将前后连读。

8、【判断题】* But you were late last night. There are 2 places of linking in the sentence above.

9、【判断题】What are the functions of linking? To make your expressions more fluent, native and natural.

5.4.1节奏与节奏群

1、【单选题】Which sentence has the same rhythmic pattern as “Please wait.”?
    A、What is that?
    B、Don't go now.
    C、She works hard.
    D、Don't go now.

2、【单选题】Which sentences has the same rhythmic pattern as “He told us a lie.”?
    A、Leave it alone.
    B、It’s all the same to me.
    C、I think he ought to.
    D、There isn’t enough for two.

3、【单选题】Which sentence does not have the same rhythmic pattern as “I think it will be fine.”?
    A、I wanted you to know.
    B、You only have to try.
    C、They waited for an hour.
    D、I’ll try to be in time.

4、【单选题】Which sentence has the same rhythmic pattern as “He started to talk to me.”?
    A、I’d like to enjoy a glass of wine.
    B、She wanted to write to him.
    C、I saw him standing all alone.
    D、I’ve told him not to come again.

5、【单选题】Which sentence does not have the same rhythmic pattern as “Send him away.”?
    A、Terribly slow.
    B、Give him a book.
    C、Be nice to her.
    D、Throw it away.

6、【判断题】Listen carefully. Whether the rhythmic patterns of these two sentences are the same? Sentence A Sentence B

7、【判断题】The rhythmic patterns of these two sentences are the same. Sentence A Sentence B

8、【判断题】在朗读重读音节时,应该念得重些、长些、慢些;在朗读非重读音节时,应该念得轻些、短些、快些。

5.4.2英语节奏的特征和规律

1、【单选题】Listen to the rhythm of the following sentences. Which sentence has two stressed syllables?
    A、Finish it if you can.
    B、John likes pears.
    C、Sam works hard.
    D、Jack dances well.

2、【单选题】Listen to the rhythm of the following sentences. Which sentence has three stressed syllables?
    A、I think he ought to.
    B、Clean it with a brush.
    C、He wrote plays last year.
    D、Mary was coming at eleven.

3、【单选题】Listen to the rhythm of the following sentences. Which sentence has four stressed syllables?
    A、It's time we were having our lunch.
    B、A glass of wine will do him good.
    C、I wonder if he'll tell them in advance.
    D、We'll go into the neighboring building.

4、【单选题】Listen to the rhythm of the following sentences. Which sentence does not have three stressed syllables?
    A、She's gone for a walk in the park.
    B、The others must have been waiting for a while.
    C、She ought to know the way by now.
    D、We've been waiting for an hour and a half.

5、【单选题】Listen to the rhythm of the following sentences. Which sentence does not have four stressed syllables?
    A、The waiters at the party were smart.
    B、Tell May to come early.
    C、I saw him standing all alone.
    D、He left his work without a word.

6、【判断题】Whether the rhythmic patterns of these two sentences are the same? ①Buy maps, pens and books. ②Buy me some maps, and some pens and some books.

7、【判断题】Whether the rhythmic patterns of these two sentences are the same? ①Go now. ②Go with him now.

8、【判断题】两个句子音节数不同,但所含重读音节数相同,在说话速度相同的情况下,完成句子所需的时间是不同的。

9、【判断题】To speak with rhythm is not important for English communication.

5.5节奏规律单元测试

1、【单选题】Which one is correct? Please make your judgement from the following stress patterns.
    A、Give a man a fish.
    B、Give a man a fish.

2、【单选题】Which one is correct? Please make your judgement from the following stress patterns.
    A、in the past 25 years
    B、in the past 25 years

3、【单选题】Please make your choices from the following sentences, pay attention to the stress patterns and select the correct one:
    A、They are found in eighty-five countries in the world.
    B、They are found in eighty-five countries in the world.
    C、They are found in eighty-five countries in the world.
    D、They are found in eighty-five countries in the world.

4、【单选题】Please make your choices from the following sentences, pay attention to the stress patterns and select the correct one:
    A、Many of them are found nowhere else on earth.
    B、Many of them are found nowhere else on earth.
    C、Many of them are found nowhere else on earth.
    D、Many of them are found nowhere else on earth.

5、【单选题】Listen to the recording, the word “for” in the examples has been pronounced as ___. (1) I got it for you. (2) It’s for tonight. (3) I bike for transportation, not for fitness. (4) Let’s eat out, just for fun.
    A、/fə/
    B、/fɔ:/
    C、/fɜː/
    D、/fɒ/

6、【单选题】Listen to the rhythm of the following sentences. Which sentence has three stressed syllables?
    A、She ought to know the way by now.
    B、She’s gone for a walk in the park.
    C、Tell May to come early.
    D、I saw him standing all alone.

7、【单选题】Listen to the rhythm of the following sentences. Which one is different from the rest?
    A、John likes pears.
    B、Kids love zoos.
    C、Jack dances well.
    D、Leave it alone.

8、【单选题】Which types of linking is used in this sentence? Thank you very much?
    A、辅音+元音
    B、元音+元音
    C、辅音+半元音/w/或/j/
    D、r/re+元音

9、【多选题】Which ones of the following words should be stressed in a sentences?
    A、noun
    B、preposition
    C、conjunction
    D、verb

10、【多选题】In the sentence “Peter is going to watch movie tonight.”, which words should be read weakly ?
    A、is
    B、going
    C、to
    D、movie

11、【多选题】Which types of linking are used in this phrase? Knock him out.
    A、辅音+元音
    B、元音+元音
    C、辅音+辅音
    D、辅音+/h/

12、【填空题】How many rhythmic units are there in the following sentence? _______ (空格处请填入阿拉伯数字) It was black and it was white.

13、【填空题】How many rhythmic units are there in the following sentence? _______ (空格处请填入阿拉伯数字) He turned to the left at the end of the street.

14、【填空题】Listen to the following talk and fill in the missing words. Save the Environment to Save Ourselves Earth’s animals are disappearing ___1__. Many ___2__ are becoming extinct. Every year, one-half ___3___ in the tropical rain forests ___4___. some disappear before ___5____. no one has time to study them __6___. Today, 740 different ___7___ either threatened or endangered. Anther 400 species are waiting __8__. However, ___9___ 400 species have __10____ while waiting. __11____ worries scientists and environmentalists. They want the environmental ___12___ to be made stronger. Otherwise, nature’s treasures are disappearing __13___. the cure for cancer or AIDS, ___14___, many be hiding in the rain forest. ___15___, many believe, we must save the environment to save ourselves.

15、【判断题】The important parts of a sentence can be stressed in the way of reading them strongly.

16、【判断题】We cannot decide whether the words in a sentence should be read strongly or weakly through grammar.

17、【判断题】The following words and sentences have the same rhythmic pattern. A. economic B. I’ve a pocket.

18、【判断题】The following two sentences have the same number of stressed syllables. A. The others must have been waiting for a while. B. I’d like to enjoy a glass of wine.

19、【判断题】When we listen to a speech, we hear the end of one word flow straight into the beginning of the next. This phenomenon of joining words together is called linking.

20、【判断题】Linking is natural in English speech. To make natural linking, it is important to say groups of words in one breath and keep your voice going from one word to the next.

6.1.1英语语调的分类

1、【单选题】_______ is not a function of English intonation.
    A、To distinguish meaning.
    B、To hide something about the feeling of the speaker.
    C、To the relationship of words within and between sentences.

2、【单选题】About English intonation, which statement is not correct?
    A、It is the melody of language.
    B、It makes English sound really English.
    C、It is the most important element of spoken English.

3、【单选题】The basic intonation patterns are ________.
    A、rising and falling-rising.
    B、rising and falling.
    C、falling and falling-rising.

4、【单选题】________ can be used to show an uncertain tone of the speaker.
    A、Rising intonation
    B、Falling intonation
    C、Falling-rising intonation

5、【单选题】According to the conversation below, what does the woman think of Linda? M: Linda looked very tired these days. W:She looked OK to me (↗ )
    A、She saw Linda and me.
    B、Linda said she was fine.
    C、She considered Linda was all right.

6、【判断题】Intonation is one of the main elements of linguistic prosody.

7、【判断题】Without intonation, it's still possible to understand the expressions and thoughts that go with words.

8、【判断题】Incorrect intonation can result in misunderstandings, speakers losing interest or even taking offence.

9、【判断题】When listening to somebody without paying attention to the words, the melody we hear is actually the intonation.

6.1.2降调、升调、降升调的使用

1、【单选题】Read the sentence below. What is the attitude of the speaker? She lent him her car?(↗)
    A、Making a statement.
    B、Asking a question.
    C、Showing uncertainties.

2、【单选题】Read the sentence below. What is the attitude of the speaker? Hasn't she grown! (↙)
    A、Angry.
    B、Exclaimed.
    C、Happy.

3、【单选题】Which sentence should be read in falling tone?
    A、Are you doing anything tonight?
    B、Haven’t you got something interesting to do?
    C、What colour is your new car?

4、【单选题】Which sentence should be read in rising tone?
    A、Do you often drive for shopping?
    B、What would you like to eat?
    C、When shall we finish this tough task?

5、【判断题】When expressing emotions, we need to use falling intonation.

6、【判断题】We should use rising intonation for clarification.

7、【判断题】For question tags to confirm, rising intonation should be used.

6.2.1英语的语调单位

1、【单选题】_______ is not a function of intonation units.
    A、It shows the intent or emotional state of the speaker.
    B、It helps to organize a conversation.
    C、It is a connection of a speech.

2、【单选题】_______has the biggest pitch change in the intonation units.
    A、Pre-head
    B、Head
    C、Nucleus

3、【单选题】Which statement is correct?
    A、A pre-head is any stressed syllable or syllables that precede the “head”.
    B、A nucleus can be on any word or phrases in the unit.
    C、A tail is any syllable or syllables lead the nucleus.

4、【单选题】Which part is the nucleus of the sentence below? * Do you speak French and English?
    A、do you
    B、speak
    C、French
    D、English

5、【判断题】The word "bank" is the tail in the sentence"I used to work at a bank".

6、【判断题】A nucleus can be longer and louder than the other stresses in the unit.

7、【判断题】The nucleus in the sentence ‘I seem to remember it was winter time.’ is the word‘winter’.

6.2.2英语语调的功能及使用

1、【单选题】The intonation function to enable the speaker to express emotions and attitudes is known as ___________.
    A、the Attitudinal Function
    B、the Accentual Function
    C、the Grammatical Function
    D、the Discourse Function

2、【单选题】In English intonation, __________ is primarily determined by a word's position in a sentence, not by inflection (or word endings).
    A、the Attitudinal Function
    B、the Accentual Function
    C、the Grammatical Function
    D、the Discourse Function

3、【单选题】Which statement is correct about functions of English intonation?
    A、Intonation with high heads sound more lively and interesting than those with low heads.
    B、Different intonation can distract the listener’s attention from important messages.
    C、As some sentences may be ambiguous when written, it cannot be removed with changing intonations.
    D、A tonic syllable can be ignored according to the meaning of a sentence.

4、【单选题】In the Attitudinal Function, _______ is used to show one's feeling of hesitation, contrast, reservation or doubt.
    A、falling intonation
    B、rising intonation
    C、rising-falling intonation
    D、falling-rising intonation

5、【判断题】The Attitudinal Function is not only expressed through intonation alone, but also with other features (gesture, body movements, etc.)

6、【判断题】The Accentual Function highlights the words which are important to the meaning of an utterance.

7、【判断题】Falling intonation is said to be more often associated with completeness and uncertainty or questioning.

6.3语调单元测试

1、【单选题】“I didn’t know it happened”, the word underlined is the _________ in the sentence.
    A、pre-head
    B、head
    C、nucleus
    D、tail

2、【单选题】“The coffee is excellent”, the word underlined is the _________ in the sentence.
    A、pre-head
    B、head
    C、nucleus
    D、tail

3、【单选题】Rising tone cannot be used in the situation below.
    A、Yes/No questions.
    B、Polite requests.
    C、Wh- questions.
    D、Incomplete utterances.

4、【单选题】____________ locates a prominently toned item, lexical or grammatical, in each tone group of speech.
    A、Attitudinal function
    B、Grammatical function
    C、Accentual function
    D、Discourse function

5、【填空题】The two basic types of English intonation are ___________ and ___________.

6、【填空题】________ is the English unit that a sentence will always include.

7、【判断题】We need to read this sentence in falling intonation: Why are you laughing?

8、【判断题】Without intonation, it's impossible to understand the expressions and thoughts that go with words.

9、【判断题】Rising intonation should be used in this sentence: Do you take cream in your coffee?

10、【判断题】When it’s said that intonation has accentual function, it implies that the placement of stress is somewhat determined by intonation.

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